Distrubuzioni GNU/Linux

  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of content_handler_field::element_type() should be compatible with views_handler_field::element_type($none_supported = false, $default_empty = false, $inline = false) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/cck/includes/views/handlers/content_handler_field.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_node_status::operator_form() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::operator_form(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/modules/node/views_handler_filter_node_status.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_area::query() should be compatible with views_handler::query($group_by = false) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_area.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_area_text::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_area_text.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_argument_validate.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_argument_validate_taxonomy_term::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_argument_validate::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/modules/taxonomy/views_plugin_argument_validate_taxonomy_term.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_query::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_query.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/biblios2/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 1113.

Logo Pubblicato il 4 novembre 2007 su iLLusion' bloG

Le distribuzioni condividono tutte lo stesso kernel Linux e si distingono tra loro per il parco software che offrono, per la scelta di alcune configurazioni di default ed altro. Andiamo adesso a vedere quali sono le più significative distribuzioni con delle brevi descrizioni, in modo da avere un quadro generale tra le migliaia di quelle esistenti.

Le distribuzioni sono disposte in ordine alfabetico. Fatta eccezione per la prima perché è un progetto realizzato apposta per tutti gli studenti.

So.di.Linux for all

Logo F  L  All  E' stato realizzato da ITD-CNR in collaborazione con AICA e contiene una selezione di 137 software didattici e alcune applicazioni standard della distribuzione GNU/LINUX Ubuntu. Il DVD è stato progettato avendo in mente i principi fondamentali dell'e-inclusion, nell'ottica di supportare la scuola, perché possa concretamente offrire a tutti gli studenti uguali opportunità educative.

Arch Linux

Logo F  L  All  E' una distribuzione dedicata ad utenti che hanno già maturato una certa confidenza con sistemi GNU/Linux, e soprattutto con la linea di comando. Una delle sue caratteristiche è proprio quella di essere completamente configurabile dall’utente sin dalla prima installazione; ad esempio, la distro viene fornita senza un Desktop Enviroment.

CentOS

Logo F  L  All  (Community ENTerprise Operating System) è una piattaforma di classe enterprise derivata da Red Hat Enterprise Linux; quest’ultima è rilasciata sotto licenza GPL e quindi, anche se è una distribuzione commerciale (è in vendita in forma di CD binari), deve rilasciare i sorgenti, dai quali CentOS fa riferimento per il suo sistema operativo. Le differenze essenziali sono dunque il mancato supporto ufficiale e la rimozione di vari artwork (come lo stesso logo di Red Hat) e marchi protetti da trademark.

Damn Small Linux

Logo F  L  All  Come potrete intuire dal nome, questa distribuzione è dannatamente piccola! E’ infatti dedicata a computer con architetture x86 senza grandi prestazioni: occorrono infatti 16 MB di RAM ed una periferica di archiviazione di 50 MB. Damn Small Linux può infatti essere eseguita non solo su disco rigido o CD-ROM, ma anche da chiavette USB o schede CompactFlash.

Debian

Logo F  L  All  E' una delle più anziane distribuzioni oggi ancora in uso. Nata nel 1993 dal lavoro di Ian Murdock, questa distribuzione è sviluppata completamente da volontari di tutto il mondo. Tra le caratteristiche di questa distribuzione c’è la rigidità riguardo la politica del software libero e la stabilità, che l’ha resa una dei sistemi operativi più utilizzati in ambiente server; a volte questa politica viene criticata, dato che per garantire la massima stabilità intercorrono lunghi intervalli di tempo tra il rilascio di una versione e l’altra. Questa distribuzione è conosciuta anche per il gestore di pacchetti APT, che rende ogni installazione semplice.

Fedora

Logo F  L  All  E' sviluppata dal Fedora Project e sponsorizzata da Red Hat. Spesso questa distribuzione viene utilizzata come laboratorio di esperimenti di funzioni che in futuro potrebbero essere integrate in Red Hat. E’ una distribuzione molto semplice da utilizzare ed aggiornare, caratteristica principale per rendere un sistema operativo user-friendly, quale è Fedora.

Gentoo

Logo F  L  All  E' famosa per essere completamente personalizzabile e configurabile in ogni suo aspetto. Il sistema di gestione dei pacchetti Portage, infatti, consente di installare le applicazioni compilandole dal codice sorgente. Questo fa sì che il sistema operativo si plasmi all’hardware sul quale è installato, sfruttandone al massimo le prestazioni. Ovviamente, essendoci spesso (o praticamente sempre) la necessità di compilare, non è adatta ai novizi di Linux.

Mandriva

Logo F  L  All  Nata come derivata da Red Hat, Mandriva oggi è totalmente indipendente ed è disponibile sia in versione commerciale che in versione gratuita. Un’altra importante scissione è quella tra e versioni Discovery e PowerPack, la prima dedicata ai novizi, la seconda ai più esperti.

Sabayon

Logo F  L  All  E' un progetto portato avanti da Fabio Erculiani, Italiano; il nome stesso della distribuzione deriva dal dessert zabaione. Questa distro è basata su Gentoo, che, come abbiamo detto, offre un sistema stabile anche se difficile da configurare; l’intento di Sabayon è proprio quello di rendere questo sistema più semplice ed adatto anche ad utenti non molto esperti. Questa distribuzione è particolarmente orientata verso l’aspetto grafico, per questo dalla prima installazione sono disponibili i driver open source per schede Nvidia ed ATI, mentre come Desktop Enviroment invece viene usata l’ultima versione di KDE; l’aspetto grafico viene inoltre incentivato da avanzati sistemi desktop che sfruttano a pieno l’accelerazione hardware del computer.

Slackware

Logo F  L  All  E' coetanea di Debian, dato che è stata creata anche essa nel 1993, da Patrick Volkerding. Slackware tende ad essere snella ed elegante, utilizzando semplici strumenti di configurazione da linea di comando. Il sistema di gestione di pacchetti è PkgTools che, seppur semplice da utilizzare, non è in grado di soddisfare automaticamente le dipendenze.

SUSE

Logo F  L  All  Ha come intento quello di essere una distribuzione user-friendly ed orientata soprattutto verso l’utenza di Windows; questa distribuzione, infatti, supporta un tool di ridimensionamento per partizioni NTFS, oltre che al riconoscimento ed all’installazione di driver per molti modem Windows; inoltre, anche l’ambiente desktop è simile al sistema operativo di Redmond. SUSE utilizza un programma di amministrazione di sistema, YaST2 che consente la configurazione del sistema, la gestione di quest’ultimo e la gestione software in modo molto semplice ed intuitivo.

Ubuntu

Logo F  L  All  Il motto "Linux for human beings" sta ad indicare che Ubuntu è destinata a tutti gli esseri umani, ossia offre un sistema user-friendly facile da usare anche per chi è completamente estraneo all’ambiente GNU/Linux. Il significato del nome (un’antica parola africana), invece, descrive la filosofia sulla quale è fondata questa distro; Ubuntu significa, infatti, "umanità verso gli altri". Questa distribuzione viene aggiornata con il rilascio di una nuova versione ogni 6 mesi; il gestore di pacchetti è APT, che ha in comune con Debian, della quale Ubuntu è una derivata.
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